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cross_compiler

building a cross compiler from source

...on osX

stumbling blocks (linux)

these things caused problems in building a $HOST=powerpc-linux $TARGET=arm-linux toolchain from gcc-3.2, binutils-2.13, glibc-2.2.5 (with linuxthreads)

  • the inhibit_libc line had to appended to T_CFLAGS
  • missing stdio files + asm files → kernel source must be configured (make menuconfig)
  • arch- and proc- aliases werent automatically created (ln -s arch-sa1110 arch ,.etc)
  • strong_alias
    (__old_sys_nerr, _old_sys_nerr) patch wasnt applied in gcc-3.2 ( s/strong/weak/ in glibc/libc/sysdeps/unix/sysv/linux/errlist.c)
  • need to patch glibc-2.2.5 fr arm-linux (to avoid “libc.so.6: undefined reference to `size_of_encoded_value'” error“)

stumbling darwinian

  • make “CC=cc -no-cpp-precomp -DHAVE_DESIGNATED_INITIALIZERS=0” is required to build gcc properly using apples version of gcc3.1
  • unstumbled → working PPCtoARMtoolchain

David A. Desrosiers All-in-One Single-Pass Cross-Compiler Build Script Doohickey (modified)

#!/bin/bash
#
# We force bash, because csh/ash
# may not work with the variables
#
# make.sh: All-in-One Single-Pass Cross-Compiler Build Script Doohickey
#
#          (c) 2001, David A. Desrosiers
#              hacker at gnu dash designs dot com
#
##################
#
# License
#
##################
#
# This script is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
# under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
# Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option)
# any later version.
#
# This script is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
# WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY
# or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
# for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
# with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59
# Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
#
###################
#
# Portions of this script were taken from a similar script I found on the
# web awhile back, but have long since forgotten where, author unknown. If
# anybody knows, please email me so I can give proper credit.
#
# This script can be run as a normal user (or root if you want to install
# the packages to a non-standard path), and will completely build a
# cross-development toolchain, plus kernel (alternately), for *-linux in
# general. The target arm-linux was used in testing, though any other
# architecture is possible here, and the basic flow holds for building any
# other cross-build environment.
#
# This script only very weakly depends on the host system, as long as it has
# a halfway-working gcc and gmake or make.  This script was tested on
# i686-unknown-linux-gnu, Sparc E3500, kernel-2.4.6-pre5, gcc-2.95.3, make
# and gmake-3.79.1, glibc-2.2.3
#
# Many different HOWTO documents were read, digested, tested, corrected, and
# discarded in the process of developing this script. You can find some of
# them by using your favorite search engine, or follow the following links
# to see some good examples:
#
#       http://www.armlinux.org/docs/toolchain/toolchHOWTO/x183.html
#       http://handhelds.org/z/wiki/HOWTO%20Build%20a%20Cross%20Toolchain%20in%20Brief
#       http://bytesex.org/cross-compiler.html
#       http://www.objsw.com/CrossGCC/FAQ-4.html
#       http://www.macbsd.com/macbsd/howto/cc-HOWTO
#       http://www.xraylith.wisc.edu/~khan/software/gnu-win32/cygwin-cross-howto.txt
#       http://www.xraylith.wisc.edu/~khan/software/gnu-win32/mingw-cross-howto.txt
#       http://www.multimania.com/pmandin/en/howto/cross295.html
#       http://www.delorie.com/howto/djgpp/linux-x-djgpp.html
#
# After days of frustration following these and similar other documents and
# HOWTOs, and asking dozens of people in various irc channels, I got
# frustrated and decided to start scripting this all out in one fell swoop.
# I picked up that old script I had lying around here, and touched it up
# quite a bit to get it working for this process. Originally I was using it
# to build prc-tools, but this is just as applicable.
#
# It's purposely over-commented, because I already get too much email
#
##################
#
# TODO List:
#
##################
#
#  2002-09-09  Nik Gaffney 
#    * minor modifications to work with gcc-3.2, and glibc-2.2.5
#      some arm-linux specific patches were applied. works!
#
#  2001-12-28  David A. Desrosiers
#
#    * Wow, what a bonehead. I left one space between each var, not allowed.
#      Fixed.
#
#  2001-08-29  David A. Desrosiers
#
#    * Oops! My bad, fixed a bug in the indenting of the declared variables.
#      I'm so used to making things line up in perl, that I forgot you can't
#      do that in shell. Fixed.
#
#  2001-08-29  David A. Desrosiers
#
#    * From a Linuxworld BOF on Embedded Linux, I have some more ideas for
#      this to make it a bit more robust, smarter, and fault-tolerant.
#      Anyone who cares to update this please let me know, and send me a
#      patch!
#
#  2001-06-24  David A. Desrosiers
#
#    * The script needs to be a bit smarter than it is at the moment. When
#      you abort the script and run it again, it should clean up and
#      restart, instead of error out.
#
#############################################################################

set -e

#############################################################################
#
# Set some basic variables here for architecture, path, install prefix and
# others.
#
# ARCH     = target architecture, what we are building FOR
# HOST     = what architecture is THIS build process running
#            on? We use config.guess in this case, because it is the most
#            accurate. The latest copy of this can be found at the following
#            url: ftp://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/config/
# TARGET   = binary target name(s)
# PRISTINE = path to the clean, untouched
#            (unpacked) sources
# BUILD    = path to the temporary build directories. We do *NOT* run
#            ./configure inside the source trees directly!
# PREFIX   = final resting place on disk where the compiled objects will
#            reside (you probably DONT want to use /usr if you have a
#            toolchain on your $HOST machine and value your exisiting system)
# HEADERS  = path to where the (patched) kernel headers reside. This *MUST*
#            end in '/include' or you'll have a mess in your target tree
#            when files are copied over to $PREFIX
#
#############################################################################
ARCH=arm
HOST=powerpc-apple-darwin6.0
TARGET=$ARCH-linux
PRISTINE=/Developer/ARM-linux/toolchain/src
BUILD=/Developer/ARM-linux/build
PREFIX=/Developer/ARM-linux/arm-linux
HEADERS=/Developer/ARM-linux/usr/src/linux-2.4.18-rmk7-pxa1-cerf1/include

#############################################################################
#
# Set your versions here, without this, everything below will fail in
# wonderfully undesirable ways
#
#############################################################################
BINUTILS=binutils-2.13
GCC=gcc-3.2
GLIBC=glibc-2.2.5

if [ ! -d $PRISTINE -o ! -d $BUILD -o ! -d $PREFIX ]; then
   echo "$0: configuration error"
   exit
fi

KERNELHOME=/Developer/ARM-linux/usr/src/linux-2.4.18-rmk7-pxa1-cerf1/
PATH=$PREFIX/bin:$PATH

#############################################################################
#
# Verify variables before we start. MAKE SURE THESE ARE RIGHT!
#
#############################################################################

echo "### PATHS ####################################"
echo "Target architecture       : $TARGET"
echo "Virgin source directory   : $PRISTINE"
echo "Installation prefix       : $PREFIX"
echo ""
echo "### TOOLS ####################################"
echo "binutils version          : $BINUTILS"
echo "gcc version               : $GCC"
echo "glibc version             : $GLIBC"
echo ""
echo ""
echo "Pausing for 5 seconds, hit ^C to quit, or wait to continue"
sleep 5

#############################################################################
#
# configure, build, and install binutils
#
#############################################################################


echo "#################################################"
echo "### building $BINUTILS"; date
echo "#################################################"
cd $BUILD
mkdir $BINUTILS-$ARCH
cd $BINUTILS-$ARCH
$PRISTINE/$BINUTILS/configure --prefix=$PREFIX --target=$TARGET  --with-headers=$HEADERS
make
make install

#############################################################################
#
# configure the kernel for the target architecture
#
#############################################################################

echo "#################################################"
echo "### configuring kernel for $TARGET-linux"; date
echo "#################################################"
cd $KERNELHOME
# Currently commented out while testing
#make mrproper
#make oldconfig

# $PREFIX/$TARGET/include was created by the install of binutils Should we
# "cp -a" instead of "ln -s"? certainly not now, because it doesn't include
# version.h yet.
#
# gcc config (coming up) will look for $PREFIX/$TARGET/sys-include/limits.h,
# to decide whether or not to chain its limits.h via #include_next. We need
# that test to succeed.
#
#( cd $PREFIX/$TARGET
#  mkdir -p include
#  ln -s include sys-include
#  cd include
#  ln -s $KERNELHOME/include/asm-$ARCH asm
#  ln -s $KERNELHOME/include/linux linux
#)

#############################################################################
#
# configure and build the first pass of gcc, we will need two of these. The
# first one is built without threads or glibc support. It is then used to
# build glibc itself, then gcc is built a second time, but this time with
# glibc and thread support.
#
#############################################################################

echo "#################################################"
echo "### configuring $GCC without glib"; date
echo "#################################################"

# consider using a path such as $GCC-$ARCH-nolibc, which should be totally
# separate from the second build directory and structure. Not necessary,
# just being anal.

cd $BUILD
mkdir $GCC-$ARCH
cd $GCC-$ARCH

$PRISTINE/$GCC/configure --target=$TARGET  --prefix=$PREFIX --enable-languages=c --disable-threads --disable-shared --with-headers=$HEADERS

#############################################################################
# patch gcc/Make-target and gcc/Makefile for the first compile phase, that
# happens without use of glibc.  The Makefiles really ought to leave a
# better hook for this step.  I tried overriding the variables from the
# command line, but they don't propagate to make in the gcc subdir.
#############################################################################



( cd gcc
  mv Make-target Make-target.orig
  sed -e '/^TARGET_LIBGCC2_CFLAGS/s/$/ -Dinhibit_libc -D__gthr_posix_h/' \
      -e '/^T_CFLAGS/s/$/ -Dinhibit_libc -D__gthr_posix_h/' \
      -e 's/ _dvmd_lnx$/ _dvmd_tls/' \
      Make-target
  mv Makefile Makefile.orig
  sed -e '/^TARGET_LIBGCC2_CFLAGS/s/$/ -Dinhibit_libc -D__gthr_posix_h/' \
      -e '/^T_CFLAGS/s/$/ -Dinhibit_libc -D__gthr_posix_h/' \
      -e 's/ _dvmd_lnx$/ _dvmd_tls/' \
      Makefile
)
make

#############################################################################
#
# Q: Why do we get...
#
#    checking whether the C compiler (/src/compiling/cross/build/gcc-2.95.3-arm/gcc/xgcc
-B/src/compiling/cross/build/gcc-2.95.3-arm/gcc/ -B/usr/local/cross/arm-linux/bin/ -g -O2
 ) works... no
#    configure: error: installation or configuration problem: C compiler cannot create ex
ecutables.
#
#    ...near the end of that last "make"?
#
# A: ld: cannot open crt1.o: No such file or directory
#
#    Check the config.log in the $GCC/gcc directory for the exact error, it
#    should be obvious and will be one of two things, either a missing
#    crt1.o (or a path which it searched for was wrong), or missing headers
#    (again, a broken path).
#
#############################################################################

make install

#############################################################################
#
# Actually go through the steps and build the linux kernel for the target
# architecture, using the configured sources built several steps up
#
#############################################################################
#
# See below: This has to happen before glibc build, and therefore also
# before the second stage of the gcc build.

echo "#################################################"
echo "### building the linux kernel now"; date
echo "#################################################"
#cd $KERNELHOME
#make dep
#make zImage

#############################################################################
#
# configure, build, and install glibc +crypt +linuxthreads
#
# If we're using glibc 2.1.x or earlier, you will need to add 'crypt' to the
# enable-add-ons line. Since we're using 2.2.3 in this script, and crypt is
# now part of glibc, we no longer need to statically declare it (and doing
# so will cause ./configure to throw an error)
#
#############################################################################

echo "#################################################"
echo "### building $GLIBC now"; date
echo "#################################################"
cd $BUILD
mkdir $GLIBC-$ARCH
cd $GLIBC-$ARCH

# The following step needs to find , so it has to happen
# after a real build of the kernel.  Or, as the glibc FAQ 1.8 suggests,
# after `make include/linux/version.h'.

CC=$TARGET-gcc $PRISTINE/$GLIBC/configure $TARGET --build=$HOST --prefix=$PREFIX/$TARGET --with-headers=$HEADERS --enable-add-ons=linuxthreads --program-prefix=$TARGET-
make
make install

#############################################################################
#
# Now we can go back and re-build gcc with glibc, g++, and threads support
#
#############################################################################
#
# Actually go through the steps and build the linux kernel for the target
# architecture, using the configured sources built several steps up
#
#############################################################################
#
# See below: This has to happen before glibc build, and therefore also
# before the second stage of the gcc build.

echo "#################################################"
echo "### building the linux kernel now"; date
echo "#################################################"
#cd $KERNELHOME
#make dep
#make zImage

#############################################################################
#
# configure, build, and install glibc +crypt +linuxthreads
#
# If we're using glibc 2.1.x or earlier, you will need to add 'crypt' to the
# enable-add-ons line. Since we're using 2.2.3 in this script, and crypt is
# now part of glibc, we no longer need to statically declare it (and doing
# so will cause ./configure to throw an error)
#
#############################################################################

echo "#################################################"
echo "### building $GLIBC now"; date
echo "#################################################"
cd $BUILD
mkdir $GLIBC-$ARCH
cd $GLIBC-$ARCH

# The following step needs to find , so it has to happen
# after a real build of the kernel.  Or, as the glibc FAQ 1.8 suggests,
# after `make include/linux/version.h'.

CC=$TARGET-gcc $PRISTINE/$GLIBC/configure $TARGET --build=$HOST --prefix=$PREFIX/$TARGET --with-headers=$HEADERS --enable-add-ons=linuxthreads --program-prefix=$TARGET-
make
make install

#############################################################################
#
# Now we can go back and re-build gcc with glibc, g++, and threads support
#
#############################################################################

echo "#################################################"
echo "### building $GCC second pass"; date
echo "#################################################"

cd $BUILD/$GCC-$ARCH
$PRISTINE/$GCC/configure --target=$TARGET  --prefix=$PREFIX --enable-languages=c,c++ --with-headers=$HEADERS

make clean
make
make install

echo "#################################################"
echo "### DONE! Congratulations!!!"; date
echo "#################################################"

#####
# EOT
# David A. Desrosiers

—- Libarynth > Libarynth Web > CrossCompiler r20 - 15 Apr 2004 - 05:47


cross_compiler.txt · Last modified: 2007/06/07 11:15 by nik