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fukuoka_gardening [2008-10-14 10:49]
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 +====== The One - Straw Revolution - Masanobu Fukuoka - reading notes ======
 +====  Groundcover - Fertilizer ====
 +
 +
 +  *For fertilizer Mr. Fukuoka grows a leguminous ground cover of white clover, and returns all the trash straw and chaff to the field, and adds a little poultry (chickens or ducks) manure to help decompose the straw, and helps to control the weeds.
 +
 +  *There is no need in working hard to make compost. If straw is left lying on thesurface of the field in the spring or fall and is covered with a thin layer of chicken manure or duck droppings, in six months straw and clover are a simple way to control weeds
 +
 +  *By spreading straw, growing clover, and returning to the soil all organic residues -everything that has grown in the field-, the earth comes to posses all the nutrients needed to grow rice and winter grain in the same field year after year. By natural farming, fields that have already been damaged by cultivation or the use of agricultural chemicals can be effectively rehabilitated.
 +
 +  *Make a cover of white clover and weeds, cut the weeds back when the vegatable seedlings are young, once the vegetables have esthablished themselves, leave them to crow up with the natural ground cover.
 +
 +  *Weeds should be controlled, not eliminated interplant white clover with the crops.
 +
 +  *Ground cover crops such as clover, vetch and alfalfa conditions and nourish the soil.
 +
 +  *It is best to toss the straw around every which way, just as though the stalks had fallen naturally
 +
 +  ***Seed balls:**  germination is best on the surface of the ground, where there is exposure to oxygen. And where these pellets are covered with straw, the seeds germinate well and will not rot even in years of heavy rainfall.
 +
 +**Example to fertilize the ground:** For instance the roots of an acacia tree improves the soil deep down, clover as a manure for the surface layer and daikon for the middle layer.In the end you will have a dark and soft ground.
 +
 +  *The roots of japanse reddish; daikon penetrate deep into the soil, adding organic matter and opening channels for air and water circulation. It reseeds itseld easily.
 +
 +  *Rather than growing vegatables or apples up here, he says he has been helping to restore the fertility of the soil
 +
 +----
 +
 +
 +==== Do-nothing farming ====
 +
 +Make the work easier instead of harder; how about not doing this. how about not doing  that is his way of thinking. 
 +
 +Fukuoka does not particulary like the word "work". Human beings are the only animals who have to work, and he think this is the most rediculous thing in the world. Other animals make thier livings by living, but people work like crazy, thinking that they have to in order to stay alive. The bigger the job, the greater the challenge, the more wonderfull they think it is. It would be good to give up that kind of thinking
 +and live an easy, comfortable life with planty of free time. For human beings, a life of such simplicity would be possible if one worked to
 +produce directly his daily necessities. In such a life, work is not work as people generally think of it, but simply doing what needs to be done.
 +
 +  *We have come to the point at which there is no other way than to bring about a
 +"movement" not tot bring anything about.
 +
 +  *Never make a useless step
 +
 +----
 +
 +
 +==== Four principles of natural farming ====
 +
 +
 +  *no cultivation; means plowing or turning of the soil
 +  *no chemical fertilizer or prepared compost
 +  *no weeding by tillage or herbicides
 +  *no dependence on chemicals
 +
 +----
 +
  
 ====  Various thoughts ==== ====  Various thoughts ====
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 more  http://fukuokafarmingol.info/faemilianl.html more  http://fukuokafarmingol.info/faemilianl.html
 +
 +[[masanobu fukuoka]]
 +
 +[[project groworld]]
  
  
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