Part of Project Lirec: Notes from “Concepts and Evaluation of Psychological Models of Empathy” (Extended Abstract), Enz. S., Zoll, C., Diruf, M., Proc. 8th Int. Conf. on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2009), Decker, Sichman, Sierra, and Castelfranchi (eds.), May, 10– 2009, Budapest, Hungary, pp. XXX-XXX. http://lirec.eu/biblio/1703
Affective empathy can come from cognitive empathy, but can also come from direct transfer of emotions - “emotional contagion”. This is important for social identity and group dynamics - eg. a herd needing to react quickly to the presence of a predator, which may only be spotted by a few individuals.
Emotional contagion may result in different immediate responses in more complex situations, such as 'gloating'.
The separation of empathy into cognition and it's results are important because the outcomes can also be seen as the result of other processes.
All these can operate simultaneously.
Accuracy of understanding is determined by:
Changes in behavior resulting from empathic processes:
Used as the basis of FAtiMA
Appraisals are carried out on:
The OCC model has a set of emotional categories:
The five phases of emotion processing
1. Classification: Event, action or object, according to emotional cateories 2. Quantification: What are the intensities? 3. Interaction: With the current emotional categories of the agent 4. Mapping: 22 emotional categories to lower number of emotional expressions 5. Expression: face expression etc.